Tag Archives: Theology

The Dabar, The Logos, and The Rhema

The words dabar, logos, and rhema are three words in the Bible that were translated into our English language as “word“.  In this lesson we will be taking a closer look at the Oneness of God.

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00 Jesus

The Spirit of God is eternal as God. “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.” (John 4:24) God is not three separate persons or individuals of one substance. Just God is a Spirit and He is eternal. That which God has created as beings are His sons and thus making our one God Father by title. Not three separate persons or individuals of one substance. God is a Spirit. God has been known as several names throughout scriptures. However, He is still one God. When we call God our Father it is because we are his offspring or children because He created mankind. Thus our God that is a Spirit became a Father to us, His creation. As we study the Old Testament we find that God spoke this world, as well as the universe, into existence. This was done by His own desire for His own purpose. “Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:” (Isaiah 46:9-10)

The Old Testament word for this was dabar. “[By the word – Dabar] of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.” (Psalms 33:6) Any time you see the word LORD in caps in the Old Testament it is because the translation of the Bible into English is following after Jewish tradition and is meant for the reader to substitute the name of God here. The name Jehovah and other variations are used for this because our God’s name is YHWH or YHVH. This term is known as the tetragrammaton. Since the Jewish alphabet didn’t have any vowels in it and the Jews were afraid to speak God’s name because the commandment says not to take the LORD’S name in vain the pronunciation was lost. (See Exodus 20:7, Deuteronmy 5:11) So it has been long forgotten. The tetragrammaton without having vowels and no longer being spoken by the children of Israel caused a loss of the correct pronunciation because no one knows how it was spoken at that time. The Jewish scribes through tradition began to substitute the word Adonai, which means lord, instead of speaking the name of God in the scriptures. In Hebrew vowel sounds were used but not written so people began to try to preserve the Hebrew language after Jesus was crucified because the children of Israel began to be scattered from their promised land and knew their language would be lost forever. So they made vowel points to try to preserve the language. This they successfully accomplished. But the name of God only being letters and not pronounced was lost and since they did not ever want to take God’s name in vain they instead used the vowel points from Adonai as the vowel points we use in our English YHWH or YHVH. This then gives basically infinite ways to pronounce our God’s name with Jehovah being the most common for us using the King James Version of the Bible. Also you will notice our name for God starts with the letter J. This in itself is another complication but suffice to say that during translations to our Old English the letter I eventually was replaced in many words with the letter J of which was a new letter in our alphabet.

But back to the main topic. The Old Testament word for God speaking the world, as well as the universe, into existence was Dabar in Hebrew but Logos in the New Testament because the New Testament was written in Greek. (Side note: not every translated English “word” out of the Bible will be Dabar or Logos. It depends on the subject. In some cases in the New Testament you will see the word translated as Rhema because it is speaking in the past tense. Example: “Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed [by the word of God – Rhema], so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. (Hebrews 11:3) And for Logos “In the beginning was [the Word – Logos], and [the Word – Logos] was with God, and [the Word – Logos] was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” (John 1:1-3)

So what does the Word or Logos of God mean in the original Greek language? According to the Strong’s Concordance it means:

G3056. logos, log’-os; from G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication, a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ)

So we learn that God referred to his thoughts, plan, and reasoning in His mind as the Word of whom He is. Not three separate persons or individuals of one substance. God is a Spirit.

The importance of this explanation is to show you that God and the Word are not three separate persons or individuals of one substance. God is a Spirit. The Word was with God as the mind of God, the reasoning of God, and the plan or purpose of God. This is found in the very definition of the word Logos which is translated in our language as Word.

So when the Word became flesh we had the only begotten of the Father (John 1:14) “To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.” (2 Corinthians 5:19) “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.” (Matthew 1:23) The one and only God-man. Fully God and Fully man in a perfect union. This body of the God-man was to be called Jesus we are told for a reason. “And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.” (Matthew 1:21)

Since Jesus was both fully man and fully God when he spoke to the Eternal Spirit of God he was speaking as a man to God, for he himself was fully man and fully God. “Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;” (Hebrews 5:7-8) Jesus was leaving for us by example how we are to communicate with the Father of Creation. The problem people are running into is not understanding why Jesus would pray or speak to God if God wasn’t a separate person or individual of God. The reason is because he was also fully man. He hurt just like you and he suffered as we suffer and partook of our nature yet he was still God in the flesh or the Son of God. Not three separate persons or individuals of one substance. God is a Spirit. “For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour [to aid or relieve] them that are tempted.” (Hebrews 2:16-18) “Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.” (Hebrews 4:14-15)

Jesus at one point even tells the people they only heard a voice from Heaven for their own sake, meaning so that they would believe. “Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.” (John 12:28-30)

The main reason there is so much trouble with understanding of why Jesus spoke or prayed to God his Father is because people fail to comprehend or grasp that Jesus was also a man just like you and I. So being fully man you are going to speak to God even though Jesus himself was God in the flesh. You must always take into account the dual nature of Christ.

Since Jesus was God in the flesh to say Jesus wasn’t human or was just a shell that the Spirit of God dwelt in is false because you take away the humanity of Christ of which come to die for our sins. “The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29) On the other hand even though we know Jesus is God to only say Jesus is God confuses people because they then try to figure out why then did He pray or talk to God and why was their a separate voice. The answer is because Jesus was both fully man and fully God.

This is why I believe that it is a misrepresentation that leads to confusion when Christians try to explain the Godhead as Father in Creation, Son in redemption, and Spirit in sanctification. This illustration shows a God of three in one to most people if not all. The wording should be more along the lines of our God is a Spirit and He is one. In regards to that which is created the Spirit is known as our Father by title. In regards to the Son of God the Spirit of God became incarnate to redeem mankind back unto Himself and He is still one and the selfsame Spirit. This terminology clearly states that God is one and how without giving the illusion of three in one.

Our God is not three parts either: one part Father, one part Word, one part Holy Spirit. Our God is a Spirit and He is one. However, since God became flesh to redeem mankind back unto Himself we will see the body of God as Jesus Christ because Jesus is the expressed visible image of the invisible God. “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” (Colossians 2:9) Is Jesus in the Godhead or is the Godhead in Jesus? We just seen that answer in Colossians. The Godhead is in Jesus because Jesus is the true God as spoken in 1 John chapter 5 verse 20 “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.” This is also why in 1 John chapter 1 verse 3 we find that our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ and there is no mention of the Holy Spirit. “That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.” We are supposed to have understood by the scriptures that our God is one and He is a Spirit. The only way that we can be “in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ” this being the true God, and eternal life is by becoming born again of water and of the Spirit (John 3:1-7) where “through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.” (Ephesians 2:18) “For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.” (Ephesians 5:30) This is why “truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ“, because to gain access into this Body of Christ you must first receive the Spirit of Christ and thus we are restored to our Father who is a Spirit and “God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them”. (2 Corithians 5:19) “Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.” (Galatians 3:20) “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.” (1 Timothy 2:5-6)

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C & C: Choice, Predestined, End Before Beginning, Heart

Connections and Comparisons is an ongoing weekly series that deals with many scriptures in the Bible, some of which are not commonly addressed. The purpose of this series is to examine the scriptures at hand comparing what is said and looking at the connections within.

Choice

Matthew 15:19
19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:

It is out of your heart that evil thoughts proceed, not your mind. It is within your heart that “evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies”.

2 Corinthians 10:3-5
3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh:
4 (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

It is in your mind that you acknowledge the thoughts that were born out of your heart and then choose to cast “down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ”.

It is not enough for you to decide what you believe is right and wrong! You need the knowledge of God contained within the Word of God to be able to bring “into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ”. The choice is yours!

Matthew 11:28-30
28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.

You must come unto Jesus Christ by choice “and ye shall find rest unto your souls.” However to obtain this rest you must “Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me”. It is not enough to claim the name of Jesus Christ and refuse to take his yoke upon you and refuse to learn of him.

Yoke: (1.) Fitted on the neck of oxen for the purpose of binding to them the traces by which they might draw the plough, etc. (Num 19:2; Deut 21:3). It was a curved piece of wood called ‘ol —Easton’s Illustrated Dictionary

It is your choice to take the yoke of Jesus Christ upon you and to learn of him. However, if you do not do so, then you will not be able to cast “down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ” because you are not being obedient to Jesus Christ and the Word of God and you are still under the yoke of bondage of sin.

You will have a yoke upon you! Either the yoke of satan or the yoke of the Lord Jesus Christ! You are either a servant of Jesus Christ or you are a servant of the devil. You are ploughing the field but who are you ploughing for? You are either gathering in or scattering abroad! The choice is yours!

Hosea 10:12-13
12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for it is time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
13 Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.

Galatians 6:7-9
7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.
8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.
9 And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.

Matthew 12:30
30 He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.

Luke 9:57-62
57 And it came to pass, that, as they went in the way, a certain man said unto him, Lord, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.
58 And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
59 And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.
60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God.
61 And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee; but let me first go bid them farewell, which are at home at my house.
62 And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.

Luke 6:46
46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

Matthew 7:21-27
21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
24 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:
25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock.
26 And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand:
27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.

2 Timothy 2:19
19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.

The choice is yours!

Joshua 24:14-15
14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
15 And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.

Predestined

Even though it is out of your heart that “evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies” take place and not in your mind, it is in your mind that you acknowledge the thoughts that were born out of your heart and then choose to cast “down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ”.

The choice is yours! We are predestinated according to the foreknowledge of God that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. And as being such we must be conformed to the image of his Son. To be conformed to the image of his Son you must be obedient to the faith which was once delivered unto the saints. You must partake of being born again as instructed by Jesus Christ to Nicodemus and obedient to the words of his Apostles and Prophets.

1 Peter 1:1-5
1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

Being born again of water and of the Spirit and Jesus instructed Nicodemus being obedient to the words of his Apostles and Prophets saying, “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.” (Acts 2:38-39)

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

James 1:18
18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

Romans 8:29-39
29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
31 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?
32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
33 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God’s elect? It is God that justifieth.
34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
39 Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

We are predestinated unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. “Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.” However, this only applies to those who choose to serve him in obedience and “Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me”. It is not enough to claim the name of Jesus Christ and refuse to take his yoke upon you and refuse to learn of him. You must be born again as the Apostle Peter instructed us “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.” (Acts 2:38-39)

Ephesians 1:3-14
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:
11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

Are you born again according to the Word of God? Have you partook of the Lord’s death, burial, and resurrection according to the scriptures? The choice is yours! Whose yoke will you wear? Whose plough will you pull? Whose seeds will you plant? Whose word will you obey? Are you sown of the Lord Jesus Christ or are you sown of the enemy the devil?

John 3:1-6
1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:
2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.
3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?
5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

John 1:12-13
12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

It is not enough to claim the name of Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior as Jesus clearly states. You must be born again of the water and of the Spirit as Jesus instructed us and you must also be obedient to the words of the Apostles and Prophets as Jesus also instructs us!

Matthew 7:21-27
21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
24 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:
25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock.
26 And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand:
27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.

2 Timothy 2:19
19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.

The choice is yours!

John 17:20-21
20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;
21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.

Do you believe the words of Jesus who told us “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word”?

Ephesians 2:19-22
19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:
22 In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

Do you want to be part of this building of the Lord? The choice is yours! You must be born again as the Apostle Peter instructed us “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.” (Acts 2:38-39)

Acts 13:48
48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.

End Before Beginning

Isaiah 46:9-10
9 Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me,
10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:

Romans 4:16-17
16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

Revelation 3:14
14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

Revelation 13:8
8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Was “the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world”? According to the Word of God. How so? “God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.” How so? ” I am God, and there is none like me, Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure”. It is in this same manner that Jesus says, “These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God” . How was Jesus “the beginning of the creation of God”? “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” (John 1:14) Who was the Word? “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1) “Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no saviour.” (Isaiah 43:10-11) “The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” (John 1:2-3) “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God, According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:” (Ephesians 3:9-11) “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;” (Heb 1:1-3)

Heart

Jeremiah 17:9-10
9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?
10 I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.

Proverbs 16:25
25 There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.

It is not enough for you to decide what you believe is right and wrong! You need the knowledge of God contained within the Word of God to be able to bring “into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ”. The choice is yours!

2 Timothy 2:15
15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

Isaiah 28:9-10
9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.
10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:

The choice is yours! Whose yoke will you wear?

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Come Let us Grow Together: Who is Jesus Christ

When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. (Mt 16:13-16)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the Son of the living God.

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.  (Jn 1:1,14)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the Word of God.

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.  I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. (Jn 14:16-18)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the Comforter.

But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:  And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning. (Jn 15:26-27)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the Spirit of Truth.

So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. (Rm 8:8-10)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the indwelling Spirit of God.

I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. (Gal 2:20)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the indwelling Spirit of God.

Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints: To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory: Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: (Col 1:26-28)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the hope of glory.

Ok, let us see According to Scripture who Jesus Christ is.

1. Jesus Christ is the Son of the living God!
2. Jesus Christ is the Word of God!
3. Jesus Christ is the Comforter!
4. Jesus Christ is the Spirit of Truth!
5. Jesus Christ is the indwelling Spirit of God! (the Holy Spirit)
6. Jesus Christ is the hope of glory!

Let us go on in the Word of God to see who Jesus Christ really is.

Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. (Mt 1:23)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is God with us.

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; To wit, {i.e. in this manner} that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. (2 Cor 5:17-19)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is God with us.

I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: (Rev 1:10-11a)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is Alpha and Omega, the first and the last.

I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. (Rev 1:18)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is He that liveth and was dead.

Who is the image of the invisible God, (Col 1:15a)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the image of the invisible God.

Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; (Heb 1:3)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person.

For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. (Col 2:9)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the fulness of the Godhead bodily.

The prophet Isaiah prophesied of the birth of Christ.

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isa 9:6)

Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is Wonderful, Counsellor, The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

Let us sum up who Jesus Christ really is according to the Word of God.

1.    Jesus Christ is the Son of the living God!
2.    Jesus Christ is the Word of God!
3.    Jesus Christ is the Comforter!
4.    Jesus Christ is the Spirit of Truth!
5.    Jesus Christ is the indwelling Spirit of God! (the Holy Spirit)!
6.    Jesus Christ is the hope of glory!
7.    Jesus Christ is God with us!
8.    Jesus Christ is Alpha and Omega, the first and the last!
9.    Jesus Christ is He that liveth and was dead!
10.  Jesus Christ is the visible image of the invisible God!
11.  Jesus Christ is the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person (singular)!
12.  Jesus Christ is the fullness of the Godhead bodily!
13.  Jesus Christ is Wonderful!
14.  Jesus Christ is the Counsellor!
15.  Jesus Christ is the Mighty God!
16.  Jesus Christ is the Everlasting Father!
17.  Jesus Christ is the Prince of Peace!

Now let’s talk about who Jesus Christ IS NOT according to scripture.

Jesus Christ IS NOT God the Son as this denotes the recognition of a plurality in the Godhead and is not supported scripturally.

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: (Deut 6:4) Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. (Isaiah 44:6)

The Hebrew word here translated for LORD is the same in all four instances here meaning, according to the -Strong’s Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary, self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.  Thus Jesus Christ is the revealed name of the Father in the New Testament.

And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: (Acts 2:17) This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. (Acts 2:32-33) Thus Jesus Christ is the revealed name of the Father in the New Testament.

Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father. (John 10:17-18) Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. (Acts 2:36) Thus Jesus Christ is the revealed name of the Father in the New Testament.

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The Oneness of God

Genesis 1:26
26  And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Who was with God in the beginning and who was His image?

Adam was made in the image of God.  The image of God is the man Christ Jesus.  Adam was made after the image of the second Adam Christ Jesus.  How do we know?

Colossians 1:12-15
12  Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:
13  Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:
14  In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
15  Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

So Adam was made after the image of Jesus Christ.  So when God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” the image and the likeness of which God was referring to, was the man Christ Jesus, of whom was not yet born after the flesh, but was in the mind of God!!  For God had an eternal purpose in Christ Jesus.  This purpose was in the thought, the plan, and the mind of God before the foundation of the world!!

Ephesians 3:9-11
9  And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
10  To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
11  According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:

So God had an eternal purpose in Christ Jesus our Lord before the foundation of the world and Jesus Christ is the image of the invisible God.  We also have learned that all things were created by Jesus Christ.

Hebrews 1:1-3
1  God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
2  Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Again we are told the worlds were made by God’s Son who is Jesus Christ.

3  Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

Notice carefully that Jesus is the expressed image of God’s person!!  God is a Spirit!!

John 1:18
18  No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.

So no man has seen God at any time.  This is because God is s Spirit.

John 4:24
24  God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.

Jesus in Luke 24:39 said, “a spirit hath not flesh and bones,”

So Jesus is the image of God’s person!!  God does not have 3 bodies nor is He 3 distinct persons.

So how did the Son of God, Jesus Christ, create the worlds in the beginning with God?  And who is the “Us” that God was referring to when He said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness”?

We have already learned that the image and likeness of God that the man Adam was made after was actually the man Christ Jesus that was manifested in these last days to destroy the works of the devil and to condemn sin in the flesh.   (See 1 Jn 3:8, Heb 2:14, Rom 8:3)

So how did the Son of God create the worlds in the beginning with God?

The answer is found in the first chapter of John.

John 1:1-3
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

So the question becomes what is the Word that was with God and was God.

Strong’s Concordance – 3056. logos, log’-os; from G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the art. in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ)

So then, the Word that was with God and was God is by definition something said (including the thought) and also the reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive of what was said.  Thus the Word that was with God and was God, was the Wisdom of God that was with God, because Wisdom proceeds out of the Word of God!

So the Word is the thought, plan, and mind of God that was with God and was God.  It was by this Word that the worlds were created.  This Word 4,000 years later became flesh as the Son of God (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,).

We must remember that God calls those things which be not as though they were according to Romans 4:17.  This is how the Son created the worlds in the beginning with God.

So when God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness”, He was counseling with Himself in the Wisdom of God.  Thus it was Wisdom that was with God in the beginning, not a second individual in the godhead known as God the Son.

Ephesians 1:11
11  In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

James 1:18
18  Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

This word of truth that was with God and was God was the thought, plan, and mind of God that was with God and was God.

So does this agree with scripture that Wisdom was with God in the beginning?

Proverbs 2:6
6  For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding.

So out of the Word of God, which is the thought of God, the Lord gives wisdom.

In proverbs chapter 8 King Solomon speaking of Wisdom says.

Proverbs 8:12, 22-23
12  I wisdom dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.
22  The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old.
23  I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

So who was with God in the beginning?  I wisdom was.

Job also tells us the same.

Job 27:11-12
11  I will teach you by the hand of God: that which is with the Almighty will I not conceal.
12  Behold, all ye yourselves have seen it; why then are ye thus altogether vain?

Look around and see the Wisdom of God in His Creation!

Psalms 33:6
6  By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

Psalms 136:5
5  To him that by wisdom made the heavens: for his mercy endureth for ever.

Jeremiah 51:15
15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding.

So when God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness”, He was counseling with Himself in the Wisdom of God.  Thus it was Wisdom that was with God in the beginning, not a second individual in the godhead known as God the Son.

Luke 11:49 reads…
49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:

It was the Wisdom of God which spoke this.  For God is Wisdom!!

To sum this up: Our God is One as the scriptures teach us.  However, God is not One substance made up of three distinct persons.  God is a Spirit who manifested himself in the flesh to redeem mankind from their sins.  Jesus Christ is the expressed visible image of the invisible God.

Jesus Christ also revealed to us the Father’s name in the New Testament.

John 5:43
43  I am come in my Father’s name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.

Hebrews 1:4-5
4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

If Jesus came in his Father’s name and by inheritance obtained a more excellent name and His name was Jesus, then Jesus was the name of His Father.

Jesus tells us in John 17:6…

John 17:6
6  I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

And again in….

John 17:26
26  And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.

Also we learn that the Holy Ghost comes to us in the name of Jesus.

John 14:26
26  But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

So the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is Jesus.  Jesus is the name of God revealed to us in the New Testament.

Therefore it is of the utmost importance that when you are baptized that you are baptized in the name of Jesus.  For the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is Jesus.

The Apostles understood this because Jesus opened their understanding to this.

Luke 24:44-47
44  And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
45  Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,

So the Disciples had full understanding of the scriptures.

46  And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
47  And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

What is His name?  Jesus.

48  And ye are witnesses of these things.
49  And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.

This referring to the Holy Ghost that was about to be poured out upon the believers.

When the day of Pentecost was fully come and the Holy Ghost was poured out upon the believers, the people present asked what they must do to be saved.  The Apostles who had full understanding of the scriptures and who were just told to preach repentance and remission of sins in Jesus name told all the people present what they must do to be saved.

Acts 2:38-39
38  Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
39  For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.

This fulfilled what Jesus spoke to His disciples in Matthew 28:19

Matthew 28:19
19  Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

The name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is Jesus!!

Acts 4:10-12
10  Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
11  This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.
12  Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

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Come let us Grow Together: Jesus is the name Joshua or Jehoshua

Come let us Grow Together is a weekly series that deals with the many topical categories that exist within the Word of God.  The purpose of this series is to grow in wisdom, knowledge, and understanding in things pertaining to God.

When reading in the New Testament we come across two passages of scriptures that uses the name of Jesus, but from the context of the scriptures we can see that it is Joshua the son of Nun that is being referenced.

Acts 7:44-45
44  Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.
45  Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David;

We know that the successor of Moses was Joshua the son of Nun who brought the children of Israel into the promised land.

Hebrews 4:6-8
6  Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
7  Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8  For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.

Again, we can see from the context of these scriptures that Joshua the son of Nun is being referenced.

So why is the name of Jesus used here instead of Joshua in the King James Version of the Bible?

The answer for this is the name of Jesus is the name Joshua or Jehoshua.

Exodus 33:11
11  And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.

The word Joshua in the Hebrew is:

3091. Yehowshuwa’, yeh-ho-shoo’-ah; or  Yehowshu’a, yeh-ho-shoo’-ah; from H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i.e. Joshua), the Jewish leader:–Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Comp. H1954, H3442.

Numbers 13:16
16  These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

Again, we see that the same Hebrew word for Jehoshua is:

3091. Yehowshuwa’, yeh-ho-shoo’-ah; or  Yehowshu’a, yeh-ho-shoo’-ah; from H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i.e. Joshua), the Jewish leader:–Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Comp. H1954, H3442.

Matthew 1:21
21  And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

The Greek word used for Jesus is:

2424. Iesous, ee-ay-sooce’; of Heb. or. [H3091]; Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Isr.:–Jesus.

So the reason why the name of Jesus is used in those two passages of scriptures instead of the name of Joshua in the King James Version of the Bible is because the name of Jesus is the name Joshua or Jehoshua.

There are some people who claim that the name of Jesus is the incorrect name of our Messiah due to a conspiratorial cover up to hide his true name from the world.  But as we have seen up to this point Jesus is the name Joshua or Jehoshua.

Nehemiah 8:17
17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.

Here we see the name of Joshua being translated as Jeshua.  Therefore Jehoshua can be contracted as Joshua or Jeshua.

Is there a translation problem into the English language?

The answer is no!!  Joshua is an English transliteration straight from Hebrew. Jesus is from Hebrew, then Aramaic, then Greek, then Latin, and finally English.

“Before closing our remarks on the genealogy it is proper to say something of the great difference between the forms of proper names in the Old Testament and in the New. This difference forces itself on the attention of the reader here more than anywhere else in the New Testament. The difference arises from three distinct causes: First, from the loss of certain letters by Hebrew names in passing through the Greek, the language in which the New Testament was written. The Greek has no h nor j, and it usually terminates masculine proper names with an s; so that Hebrew names with the former letters in them must be spelt in Greek without them, and those terminating in h, which is a very common Hebrew termination, must have h changed to s. Thus, Rehoboam becomes Roboam, Hezekiah becomes Ezekias; Elijah, Elias etc. Second, the Hebrews were much given to contraction of proper names: thus, Jehoshaphat is contracted into Josaphat, Jehoram into Joram, Azariah into Uzziah. This last name furnishes an example of the co-working of both these causes. Originally Azariah, it became by contraction Uzziah, and then, by the peculiar mode of spelling in Greek, it became Ozias, as in verses 8 and 9 above. Third, all living languages undergo some changes of pronunciation, and subsequent changes of spelling to suit the new pronunciation. Some of these differences are doubtless to be accounted for in this way, e. g., Salathiel, of Chronicles and Matthew, is Shealtiel in Ezra and Nehemiah; while Zerubbabel, of all these Old Testament writers, is Zorobabel in Matthew and Luke.”
—Commentary on Matthew and Mark

What does the name Jesus mean?

The name Jesus is the same as Saviour. It is derived from the verb signifying to save. In Hebrew it is the same as Joshua.
—Barnes’ Notes on the New Testament

shalt call his name JESUS — from the Hebrew meaning “Jehovah the Saviour”; in Greek JESUS
—Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

The word Jesus is the Latin form of the Greek Iesous, which in turn is the transliteration of the Hebrew Jeshua, or Joshua, or again Jehoshua, meaning “Jehovah is salvation.”
—Catholic Encyclopedia http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08374x.htm

The Significance of the Name of Jesus
Before the Son of God was born, an angel gave Joseph the name by which He was to be called—Jesus. God chose this name to reveal Himself in flesh as Savior, for the name Jesus literally means “Jehovah-Savior,” “Jehovah our Savior,” or “Jehovah is Salvation.”
—David K. Bernard “In the Name of Jesus”

The Greek form of a Hebrew name, which had been borne by two illustrious individuals in former periods of the Jewish history – Joshua, the successor of Moses, and Jeshua, the high-priest, who with Zerubbabel took so active a part in the re-establishment of the civil and religious polity of the Jews on their return from Babylon. Its original and full form is Jehoshua, becoming by contraction Joshua or Jeshua. Joshua, the son of Nun, the successor of Moses, was originally named Hoshea (saving), which was altered by Moses into Jehoshua (Jehovah (our) Salvation) (Numbers 13:16). The meaning of the name, therefore, finds expression in the title Saviour, applied to our Lord (Luke 1:47; Luke 2:11; John 4:42).
—Vincent’s Word Studies

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The Image of God the man Christ Jesus

Genesis 1:26
26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

What is this image and likeness of God that man is made in?  For this answer we will also be discussing the “us” that was in reference as well.

Ephesians 1:11
11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

God works all things after the counsel of his own will.  Thus the “us” of Genesis of whom God was speaking was his own self.  But in the mind of God or the Word of God he was speaking of the image and likeness of his own self that man would be made in the image of.  God is a Spirit (Jn 4:24) and the image of which God was referring was the image of the man Christ Jesus.

Colossians 1:14-17
14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

The image of God is the man Christ Jesus of whom the first Adam was made in the image of.  God calling those things that be not as though they were in counseling with his own self spoke the world into existence through His Word of whom he is.  Which said Word is the thoughts, plan, and reasoning in the mind of God which he brought forth when he uttered the world into existence.

Thus the Wisdom of God that proceeds out of the Word of God was that which was with God in the beginning.  Thus the Son of God of whom was begotten at the moment of conception of the virgin Mary by the Spirit of God created the worlds by the Word of God of whom he is in the beginning.  Not as an eternal Son of which is taught by the Trinitarian doctrine, but rather as the Word of God which is the eternal Spirit of God.  Thus the terms ‘Word’ and ‘Son’ are not interchangeable terms.

The last Adam of whom the first Adam was made in the image of came to restore sonship of which was lost by the first Adam in the Garden of God.  This Word that was with God and was God as the thoughts, plan, and reasoning in the mind of God was made flesh to redeem mankind back unto himself.  Thus the Word of God is eternal as the Spirit of God, but the Son of God was begotten when the fulness of the time was come as the scripture says in Galatians 4:4 “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law” and in Psalms 2:7, “I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee” and in Hebrews 1:5 “I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son”.

The Lord knowing his eternal purpose in Christ brought forth this plan through his Word of whom he is and when he created man he created him in the image of Jesus Christ the last Adam.   Thus God in the counsel of his own will said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” as he was thinking of the Christ that was to be brought forth when the fulness of the time was come of whom man would be made in the image of.

Thus the manifold wisdom of God was brought forth that the Almighty God would take upon himself the seed of Abraham upon the conception of the virgin Mary by the Holy Ghost to redeem mankind back unto himself and upon his death as the scriptures says in Ephesians 2:15-16 “Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby”.  And in so doing destroyed him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.  And upon his resurrection took back the keys of hell and of death.

Thus the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ (Col 2:2) was fulfilled which eternal purpose was in the Word of God as the eternal purpose he purposed in Christ to redeem mankind back unto himself when the fulness of the time was come which allowed restoration of sonship to his chosen vessels which he had afore prepared unto glory, Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles.

And so the eternal Word of God, which is the thoughts, plan, and reasoning in the mind of God will continue to be brought forth as we await the catching away of the saints, the coming of the great day of God Almighty wherein his Word will ride in victoriously conquering those who opposed him, and then he will rule and reign for 1,000 years upon the Earth.  Which Word of God will eternally unfold as there is no end as the scriptures has said in Ephesians 3:21 “Unto him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.”

I would now like to read to you the scriptures that I have expounded upon as well as the Greek definition of the Word or the Logos.

Ephesians 1:11
11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

John 4:24
24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.

John 1:1-3
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

3056. logos, log’-os; from G3004; something said (including the thought); by impl. a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extens. a computation; spec. (with the art. in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ)

Thus the logos is something said (including the thought) and also the reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive of what was said.

Proverbs 2:6
2 For the Lord giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding.

Genesis 1:1, 26
1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Colossians 1:14-16
14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:

Romans 4:17
17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

Remember the reason that I am not expounding upon these scriptures is because these scriptures were expounded upon in the beginning of the lesson.  This is to reinforce to you the scriptures being used to support what was spoken in the beginning of the lesson.

Hebrews 1:1-3
1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:

1 Corinthians 15:45-47
45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
47 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven.

Romans 5:14
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

Matthew 1:20-23
20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Psalms 2:7
7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

Hebrews 1:5
5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Galatians 4:4-5
4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Ephesians 2:13-18
13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;
16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21
18 And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation;
19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.
21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Ephesians 3:9-11
9 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
11 According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:

Hebrews 2:14-17
14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
16 For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.
17 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

Revelation 1:18
18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Colossians 2:2
2 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;

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If We Love God We Will Keep His Commandments

1 John 5:1-21
5:1  Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is begotten of him.

Does this verse mean that if you believe Jesus is the Christ you are born of God and have eternal life?  That is what many would say.  However, they never continued reading the rest of the chapter.  This verse tells us that if you believe Jesus is the Christ you are born of God: and every one that loves God, loves him also that is begotten of Him.  Which would be His children or Sons of God.

2  By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments.

A portion of the answer is now found in this verse.  This verse tell us how we know if we have loved His children.  It continues from verse 1.  It tells us we love the children of God, when we love God and keep his commandments.   So, now we just learned that those Born of God, love His children, love God, and keep his commandments.  One of his commandments was, except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.   See John 3:5.

So now we see that Jesus tells us to be Born of God you must be born of water and of the Spirit.  So to fulfill the question from verse one, which was, Does verse 1 mean that if you believe Jesus is the Christ you are born of God and have eternal life?  That to answer this question you also have to apply verse 2 which tells us that we must love His children, love God, and keep His commandments, of which one is specifically about what must be done to enter the Kingdom of God, which was how to be born again.

3  For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

This tells us how we know if we love God.  Which is if we keep His commandments.  And tells us that His commandments are not grievous.

4  For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.

This tells us we overcome the world, by faith.

5  Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?

Here a specific question was asked.  Who is he that overcometh the world, is it he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?

6  This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.

This verse tells us how Jesus Christ came.  Which was by water and blood.  Not water only, but by water and blood.  And the Spirit bears witness, because the Spirit is truth.  Who is the Spirit that bears this witness?

“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.” (John 14:16-18)

So this Spirit, which is the Spirit of Christ bears witness that Jesus came by water and blood.  How did he come by water and blood?  John 19:34 “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.”

7  For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

Here we are told there are three that bear record in Heaven and these three are one.  So who is the Father?  God.  Who is the Word?  John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”  So the Word is also God.  Who is the Holy Ghost?  The Spirit of God.  We just learned that Jesus is the Comforter, the Spirit of truth.  So what does all of this mean?  That the three that bear record in Heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, are God and His name is Jesus.

Remember , John 5:43 ” I am come in my Father’s name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.”  So verse 7 said that the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost are one.   It did not say these three are one made up of three.  Because that would no longer be one, but three.

8  And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.

Now we are told that there is three that bear witness in Earth.  The Spirit, the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.   We know that the Spirit is the Spirit of Truth, the Holy Ghost; and that when the soldier pierced His side, there came out blood and water.  So the question is what do these three agree in?  They agree in how to be Born again.  Which is the whole topic.  Remember the question from verse 1?  If not it was, does this verse mean that if you believe Jesus is the Christ you are born of God and have eternal life?

So now we see that the answer to this question is yes only if you have met all these other requirements.  Which were: we must love His children, love God, and keep His commandments, of which one is specifically about what must be done to enter the Kingdom of God, which was how to be born again.

So the two questions that remain are, What then is the fulfilling of the commandment of God, to be born of water and of the Spirit?  And if the Spirit, water, and the Blood agree in one, and it is Salvation.  How then?

Question 1 was answered in:

Acts 2:36-39
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
37  Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
38  Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
39  For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.

So when we baptize in the name of Jesus we are being born of water and when we receive the Holy Ghost with the evidence of speaking with other tongues, we are born of the Spirit.

This also fulfills Matthew 28:19 “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost”.

Which Peter understood and thus why he told them to be baptized in the name of Jesus.   Do you recall that Jesus told Peter He would give him the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven?

Matthew 16:17-19
17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
18  And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
19  And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Question 2 And if the Spirit, water, and the Blood agree in one, and it is Salvation.  How then?

(John 19:34) Showed us the blood and water represents Jesus’ death.

Romans 6:3-6
3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
4  Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
5  For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:
6  Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.

So when you apply Acts 2:38 “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost”, The blood represents your repentance.

“And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.” (Hebrews 9:22)

The water represents burying yourself into the death of Jesus which crucifies our bodies and puts sin to death, so that we also should walk in newness of life.  (Romans 6:3-6 above)

The Spirit represents the Holy Ghost which is promised to you after taking on the name of Jesus Christ in baptism. (Acts 2:38 above)

(Continuing from I John 5)
9  If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son.

This verse tells us that the witness of God is the testimony of His Son.

10  He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son.

This verse tell us that if you believe on the Son of God you have the witness in yourself: but he that does not believe makes God a liar, because he does not believe the record that God gave to Jesus.

11  And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.

Here we are told the record is eternal life given by God, and that this eternal life is in His Son Jesus.

12  He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.

This tells us again that if you have Jesus you have eternal life. And if you do not have Jesus you do not have eternal life.

13  These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

Here we are told the reason of this chapter.  That you might believe on the name of the Son of God, which is Jesus; so that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you might believe on the name of the Son of God, which is Jesus.

14  And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:

This verse tells us the confidence that we have in Him, that if we ask anything according to His will, He will hear us.

15  And if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him.

Here we are told, that if we know that He hear us, whatsoever we ask, according to His will, we know that we will have the petitions that we have desired of Him.

16  If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it.

This verse tells us that if we see our brother sin a sin that is not unto death, that if we ask, He shall give him life, if it were not a sin unto death.  We are told that there is a sin unto death, and told not to pray for it, if our brother has committed that sin.  That sin is Mark 3:29 “But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation”.

17  All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.

Here we are told that all unrighteousness is sin: and that there is a sin not unto death.  These are Mark 3:28 “Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme”.

18  We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not; but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself, and that wicked one toucheth him not.

Here we are told that one born of God sins not; but that he keeps himself, and the wicked one will not touch him.  Does this mean that you can do anything you want and it is impossible for you to sin?  Recall what this chapter has told us in verse 3.  For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.  Also:

Romans 6:15-16
15  What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
16  Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

19  And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness.

Here we are told that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

20  And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

This verse tells us that now we know the Son of God, Jesus is come, and has given us and understanding, and that understanding is that we may know Him that is true, and that we are in Him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ.  And then we are told, that Jesus is the true God, and eternal life.

John 14:6-9
6  Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
7  If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.
8  Philip saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us.
9  Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Show us the Father?

21  Little children, keep yourselves from idols. Amen.

This verse tells us to keep ourselves from idols and was said because now we should have understood who God is.

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